The Temple Turned Commercial
John 2: 13-22
13 When it was almost time for the Jewish Passover, Jesus went up to Jerusalem.
14 In the temple courts, he found people selling cattle, sheep, and doves, and others sitting at tables exchanging money.
15 So he made a whip out of cords, and drove all from the temple courts, both sheep and cattle; he scattered the coins of the money-changers and overturned their tables.
16 To those who sold doves, he said, “Get these out of here! Stop turning my Father’s house into a market!”
17 His disciples remembered that it is written: “Zeal for your house will consume me.”
18 The Jews then responded to him, “What sign can you show us to prove your authority to do all this?”
19 Jesus answered them, “Destroy this temple, and I will raise it again in three days.”
20 They replied, “It has taken forty-six years to build this temple, and you are going to raise it in three days?”
21 But the temple he had spoken of was his body.
22 After he was raised from the dead, his disciples recalled what he had said. Then they believed the scripture and the words that Jesus had spoken.
The Temple was built in 46 years (v. 20) under King Solomon, Zerubbabel, and Herod the Great. The temple was begun 20/19 B.C.—A.D. 64 and destroyed by Romans in 70.
Jesus’s authority over the church authorities displayed when he visited the temple.
I. Jesus Visited the Temple in Profanity
Turned commercial center (v. 14-15)
- There were people selling animals
- There were money changers
1. Jesus cleansed the Temple from Profanity (v. 14-16)
Jesus displayed his authority by overturning the tables of moneychangers and freeing the animals.
The cleansing of the temple illustrates the theme with reference to the very heart and center of Jewish sacrificial worship.
This act of Jesus is placed and is portrayed in terms of prophetic protest against the profanation of the temple by fraudulent practices in its precincts.
II. Jesus authority suggests better regard of the Temple
It suggests a better understanding
To Jesus, not a commercial center
To Jesus, it is a House of His Father God (v. 16)
A house of zealousness as affirmed by Scripture (v. 17)
Not a den of robbers (Jeremiah 7:11)
Jesus’ authority questioned and needed to show proof (v. 18-20)
The Temple be destroyed and rebuilt within three days. His sacrificed body is the new temple in and through whom the disciples and believers will offer a spiritual sacrifice acceptable to God, in a living building not made with hands. This does not discount the importance and sanctity of the Temple made by human hands but enriches it.
Worshipping God is the heart and center of human life and human-made temples are the symbol of God’s indwelling presence with his people. Temples are temples for the worship of a God and they should not be taken for profanity. Our purposes in coming to the temple must be a business with God. It’s commerce between God and humanity.